Beach at the river Maas in Rotterdam, The Netherlands © Steven Barnhard

Attractive green city = less transport

  • Water: 3
  • Heat: 3
  • Biodiversity: 3
  • Urban agriculture: 1
  • Air quality: 1
  • Energy: 3
  • Multifunctional space usage: 3
  • Costs: 1
  • Maintenance/management: 1


If there is sufficient attractive greenery in the direct living environment, citizens have less need to leave the city in weekends Rainer, 2000. This limits the use of energy for transport.

A good green urban infrastructure for slow traffic encourages the use of bicycles and keeps urbanites out of their cars, saving on transport energy.

A further introduction of urban agriculture and local sales limits the amount of energy required for transporting food.